However, some people report experiencing diarrhea and low blood pressure when ingesting plantain. Digestive health. Learn more about Buckhorn Plantain uses, benefits, side effects, interactions, safety concerns, and effectiveness. Uses, Benefits, Cures, Side Effects, Nutrients in Plantago. Eur J Oncol Nurs. How Plantago is effective for various diseases is listed in repertory format. Plantain contains salicylic acid, which is very similar to the composition of aspirin. Psyllium is a rich fiber source that increases the amount of time it takes to metabolize carbohydrates, thus slowing down how quickly blood sugars rise. 2018;211:311-328. doi:10.1016/j.jep.2017.09.018, Kartini, Piyaviriyakul S, Thongpraditchote S, Siripong P, Vallisuta O. Fiber is important because it promotes bowel regularity. People use the parts that grow above the ground for medicine. Grown mainly in India, the seeds of Plantago ovata contain psyllium (a soluble fiber and the main ingredient in Metamucil), which is used to treat constipation. Whenever supplementing with fiber, it's always a good idea to start slowing and gradually increase your dose. Though there are many species of plantain, the most commonly used extracts come from P. lanceolata, P. major, and P. ovata. Gas or stomach cramping may occur when ingesting psyllium. Although broadleaf plantain is pretty soundly considered a safe wild plant to be used both topically and internally by folks of … Though plantains are a type of banana, the American Diabetes Association considers them starchy vegetables that must be added into your mealtime carb count. The plantain plant is also known as Plantago lanceolata or Plantago major. 2012;7(7):e41735. It can cause allergic skin reactions. One cup of plantains contains over 30% of your daily recommended vitamin C, which not only supports a healthy immune system but protects your body from free radical damage by preventing oxidative stress and chronic inflammation. If psyllium isn't taken with adequate amounts of water, it can cause constipation and possibly even choking, intestinal obstruction, or bezoar (indigestible material in your digestive tract). More research is needed, but, specifically, the application of 10% PLE ointment may be a useful strategy for wound healing.. Traditional wound-healing plants used in the Balkan region (Southeast Europe). They found that, of the various parts of the plantain plant, the seeds exhibited the greatest antiproliferative activity, meaning that they best inhibited cell growth on tumor cells. This is effective in helping relieving physical and neuralgic pain. Self-nanoemulsifying drug delivery systems containing Plantago lanceolata-An assessment of their antioxidant and antiinflammatory effects. If you cannot reach your daily fiber needs with foods only, adding psyllium in some form can help you to achieve your daily goal. Researchers concluded that the seeds of the plant exhibit the most anticancer and anti-inflammatory properties. However, if you do find you need to take psyllium to supplement your fiber intake, it's best to consult with your doctor to make sure you are taking it as intended. 2012;31(2):94-99. doi:10.1080/07315724.2012.10720014. Plantain is wind-pollinated, facilitating its growth where there are no bees and few other plantain plants. When possible, it's best to choose supplements that are organic, as this will certify that the plants have been grown organically without herbicides, pesticides, or other chemicals. It's difficult to cultivate a generic dosage considering the wide use of plantain. List of various diseases cured by Water Plantain. May support digestive health. J Am Coll Nutr. Lana Butner, ND, LAc, is a board-certified naturopathic doctor and licensed acupuncturist in New York City. A polyphenolic compound from P. major leaves was found to exhibit cholesterol-lowering activity. (Cytokines are substances secreted by certain cells of the immune system that have an effect on other cells.) Names of Plantago in various languages of the world are also given. External uses While the tannins tighten tissues the mucilage of plantain balances the astringent effect, acting as a demulcent, helping heal and soothe bee stings, bites and poison ivy. It might be UNSAFE to apply great plantain to the skin. It can also help you stay full for longer hours. Plantains are the less-sweet, starchier equivalent to the banana. This content is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge and does not substitute for diagnosis, prognosis, treatment, prescription, and/or dietary advice from a licensed health professional. Plantains and Their Fight Against Harmful Free Radicals. Buckhorn plantain is used to treat colds, fever, cough, bronchitis, and soreness in the breathing passages.. Studies suggest that increasing fiber in your diet, such as via psyllium use, can help to reduce cholesterol levels and reduce the risk of heart disease. Plantain comes in nearly 250 species, the most widely distributed being P. lanceolata and P. major. Molecules. When purchasing foods with added psyllium husk fiber, you may read claims such as: "Soluble fiber from psyllium seed husk may reduce the risk of coronary heart disease (CHD). It's suggested that people taking the blood thinner Coumadin (warfarin), avoid plantain because it contains vitamin K. When you're on warfarin or another blood thinner, you need consistent amounts of vitamin K or you risk making your medication less effective. Plantain has long been associated with agriculture. Great plantain seems to be safe when taken by mouth by most adults. Adverse events include anaphylaxis, chest congestion, sneezing and watery eyes, occupational asthma, and a situation involving the occurrence of a giant phytobezoar (a gastric concretion composed of vegetable matter) composed of psyllium seed husks. Effects of Plantago major extracts and its chemical compounds on proliferation of cancer cells and cytokines production of lipopolysaccharide-activated THP-1 macrophages. The most important components of P. lanceolata leaves are bioactive compounds such as catalpol, aucubin, and acteoside. Benefits of Plantains for dogs: Plantains contain a decent lineup of amino acids, carbohydrates, and a sufficient amount of protein, vitamins, and minerals. (Not to be confused with Musa paradisiacae, or edible plantain.). Effects of Plantago lanceolata L. extract on full-thickness excisional wound healing in a mouse model. It's always wise to consult with a physician before beginning any kind of supplement. Buckhorn plantain is a plant. They are coated with mucilage, which aids in their transportation by allowing adhesion to various surfaces. According to the American Botanical Council, plantain has no known side effects or contraindications. P. lanceolata produces 2,500 to 10,000 seeds per plant and has a somewhat shorter seed viability. By using Verywell Health, you accept our, The 9 Best Fiber Supplements of 2020, According to a Dietitian. (eds). Sign up for our Health Tip of the Day newsletter, and receive daily tips that will help you live your healthiest life. Plantain Leaf Extract Benefits. Plantain Leaf Extract: Benefits, Side Effects & Dosage Once a small industry and not well known to the general population, bodybuilding has become a mass market within the health and fitness world. For example, if you are taking psyllium capsules for constipation, you may need to gradually work up to taking capsules multiple times per day. Kurt B, Bilge N, Sözmen M, Aydın U, Önyay T, Özaydın I. Some people gargle with buckhorn plantain for sore throat or apply it to the skin to treat swelling, heal wounds, or stop bleeding.. Don't confuse buckhorn plantain with common plantain … Unlike bananas, plantains are almost always cooked before eating. When supplementing with psyllium, it's very important to drink adequate amounts of water. Subscribe to Drugs.com newsletters for the latest medication news, new drug approvals, alerts and updates. The plant is native to most of Europe and northern and central Asia, but has widely naturalized elsewhere in the world. The psyllium in plantain has been used as GI therapy, to treat hyperlipidemia, for anticancer effects, and for respiratory treatment. The pollen contains allergenic glycoproteins, as well as components that bind IgE. Side Effects of Plantain: Plantain is not associated with any common side effects and is thought to be safe for children. Psyllium husk is the main active ingredient in Metamucil, a fiber supplement often used to reduce constipation. Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances. Previous studies have indicated a variety of pharmacological activity of P. major, such as anticancer, antioxidant, and immunomodulatory effects. According to the University of Michigan Medicine, plantain that's contaminated with the herb digitalis has led to reports of dangerous side effects in both Switzerland and the United States. However, no research to date justifies these claims, and the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has not approved this statement. Available for Android and iOS devices. Names of Water Plantain in various languages of the world are also given. Austin: American Botanical Council and Boston: Integrative Medicine Communications, 1998, 186-7. The FDA has taken many precautions to ensure these claims are stated accurately. It might be UNSAFE to apply great plantain to the skin. Data sources include IBM Watson Micromedex (updated 7 Dec 2020), Cerner Multum™ (updated 4 Dec 2020), ASHP (updated 3 Dec 2020) and others. How Water Plantain is effective for various diseases is listed in repertory format. Plantain herb scientifically known as Plantago major is a low growing perennial plant belonging to the Plantaginaceae or the plantain family. Lowers High Cholesterol. Side Effects and Precautions Generally, plantain leaf is considered a safe herb, but there are a number of side effects and precautions you need to know about. Side Effects & Safety When taken by mouth: Buckhorn plantain is POSSIBLY SAFE for most people in medicinal doses when taken by mouth. One reason is that it is loaded with tannin. Drugs.com provides accurate and independent information on more than 24,000 prescription drugs, over-the-counter medicines and natural products. Animal studies have suggested that P. lanceolata extract may aid in wound healing, potentially due to its properties as an: It may also act as a pain reliever (analgesic agent), as well as exhibit immunomodulatory properties (relating to the immune system). This is a condition where … If you are pregnant or breastfeeding, using herbal supplements may not be prudent. It has also been used to treat hyperlipidemia and for its anticancer effects, and it may be useful for glycemic control in patients with type 2 diabetes. The psyllium in plantago has been used for GI conditions such as irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), diarrhea, constipation, and hemorrhoids. Skin Care and Wound Healing. Plantain, or psyllium seeds, are small (1.5 to 3.5 mm), oval, boat-shaped, dark reddish-brown, odorless, and nearly tasteless. In fact, they taste pretty awful raw. In a study conducted in the European Journal of Oncology Nursing, researchers tested the efficacy of using P. major extract (PME) in the treatment of mucositis (a common oral side effect present in patients undergoing chemotherapy and radiation). Some manufacturers claim these two types of plantain aid in "cleansing and detoxifying" the body as well as promoting respiratory health. 2017;22(10):1773. Buckhorn plantain is a plant. 2018;93(4):249-257. doi:10.1080/10520295.2017.1421773, Jarić S, Kostić O, Mataruga Z, et al. Failure to do so can actually cause constipation. Uses, Benefits, Cures, Side Effects, Nutrients in Water Plantain. Uses for Plantains. In human studies, plantain has been effective for chronic bronchitis, asthma, cough, and cold. It can cause allergic skin reactions. The IgE-mediated sensitization has contributed to seasonal allergy. They concluded that, compared to double sodium bicarbonate solution, healing time took longer, but the differences were not significant.. The seeds and refined colloid are used commonly in commercial bulk laxative preparations. Plantains, known as the cooking bananas, are a good source of potassium and vitamins C, B-6 and A, but they also have … Possible Plantain Side Effects. Plantain can be a helpful natural remedy if you have bronchitis. Journal of Ethnopharmacology. Some people have banana and plantain allergies. What Is Cannabis and What Can It Be Used For? It's important to note that most subjects who benefited from increasing fiber in their diet also followed a lower-fat, lower-cholesterol diet. Clinical studies show that psyllium seed is useful as a bulk laxative. They found that different concentrations of PLE exhibited positive effects on wound healing. In addition, the mechanism by which plantago reduces cholesterol also may include enhancement of cholesterol elimination as fecal bile acids. The roots exhibited antiproliferative and cytokine-inhibiting activities as well. (17) Those with diabetes should be aware of pairing plantains with other foods that can raise blood sugar le… They do not ensure a product’s effectiveness or safety. The fruit is an excellent source of fiber, which improves your dog’s digestive health. Bruised or crushed plantain leaves are applied topically to treat insect bites and stings, eczema, and small wounds or cuts. Drugs, supplements, and natural remedies may have dangerous side effects. Just like any other food, some people may have an allergic reaction when they eat plantain. But it may cause some side effects including diarrhea and low blood pressure. 2017;13(51):393-399. doi:10.4103/pm.pm_406_16, Cabrera-Jaime S, Martínez C, Ferro-García T, et al. The 8 Best Iron Supplements of 2020, According to a Dietician. Dietary sources of fiber are always recommended as a primary means of achieving your daily fiber intake. Psyllium supplementation in adolescents improves fat distribution & lipid profile: a randomized, participant-blinded, placebo-controlled, crossover trial. As a good source of fibre, it can help you in areas such as constipation, relief from haemorrhoids and digestive conditions like diverticulitis. On the other hand, if you are taking psyllium powder, you may only need to use one scoop with water a few times per day. Plantain reduces mucus secretion in the airways, which makes it helpful in treating colds, catarrh, sinusitis, lung and bronchial allergic conditions such as hay fever and asthma. Before beginning supplementation, it's important to speak with a medical professional. You can also find psyllium as an added ingredient in cereals and baked goods. Thank you, {{form.email}}, for signing up. It has been commonly used in birdseed. When it first started gaining popularity, the main focus was packing on size and mass. It might be UNSAFE to apply great plantain to the skin. It can cause allergic skin reactions. If you have allergies, such as skin allergies or food allergies (for example, to melon or the vegetable plantain), you may be allergic to plantain, too. Historically plantain has been used as an astringent,expectorant, demulcent, diuretic, and hemostatic. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0041735, Dow S, Pritchett KL, Hawk S, Herrington SJ, Gee DL. Unripe (green) plantain has lower antioxidant levels compared to ripe plantains. In addition, studies suggest that fiber supplementation, such as with psyllium, may help to reduce after-meal blood sugar concentrations.. Kalantari A, Kósa D, Nemes D, et al. If you're unsure how much to take, ask your health care provider for help. Plantain is a perennial weed with almost worldwide distribution. Avoid use. Ultrahigh-viscosity hydroxypropylmethylcellulose blunts postprandial glucose after a breakfast meal in women. Although some clinica… Psyllium, which is derived from the seeds of P. ovato, is used as a dietary supplement and is usually found in the form of husk, granules, capsules, or powder. The Complete German Commission E Monographs: Therapeutic Guide to Herbal Medicines. List of various diseases cured by Plantago. For example, the herb can be infused in tea, ingested in capsule or tincture form, or gargled in a rinse. They are: In a study published in the journal Biotech and Histochemistry, researchers examined 72 wounded mice and applied an ointment that contained a specific percentage of P. lanceolata extract (PLE). This was compared to ointment containing Vaseline. The symptoms are the same as other food allergies and include things like itching and swelling of the lips, tongue and throat; hives; and trouble breathing, among others. Blumenthal M, Busse WR, Goldberg A, et al. It's important to buy herbs from companies that carefully test their products for quality and contamination. Plantains are a very useful plant to have around the house. Great plantain seems to be safe when taken by mouth by most adults. Its leaves are broadly ovate, toothed or entire and featured by a thick, channeled footstalk. Psyllium seed has been found in malt refuse (formerly used as fertilizer) and wool imported to England. Caution patients receiving lithium or carbamazepine to consult their health care provider before using herbal products. Antioxidant increase with the age of the Plantain. It can trigger allergies in sensitive people. Adverse events include anaphylaxis, chest congestion, sneezing and watery eyes, occupational asthma, and a situation involving the occurrence of a giant phytobezoar (a gastric concretion composed of vegetable matter) composed of psyllium seed husks. Plantains can supply you with both soluble and insoluble fibres that will make sure your digestive health is on point. Plantain seeds can survive passage through the gut of birds and other animals, facilitating their distribution. As the herb also has antiseptic properties it can be used as a remedy for a sore throat, tonsillitis and coughs. Immune System. Certain species have been spread by human colonization, particularly that of Europeans. The starch content in plantains, a type of highly fermentable fiber, is … Other Benefits and Uses. Because plantain extracts in the form of P. lanceolata or P. major are not approved by the FDA, it's always a good idea to purchase brands that are tested by an accredited third party, such as: Certification programs confirm that a product contains the ingredients listed on the label. Select one or more newsletters to continue. PLoS One. Decoctions have been mixed with honey for sore throats. A study examining adolescent males found that dietary supplementation with six grams per day of psyllium over six weeks improved fat distribution and lipid profile (parameters of metabolic syndrome). Psyllium is able to bind to fat and bile acids, which promotes the excretion of these substances from your body. Studies have found that psyllium, which is rich in fiber, helps to bulk stools while also increasing the amount of water in the stool.. It's best to aim to get your daily fiber intake from foods first before supplementing with psyllium fiber. Companies such as Metamucil typically put instructions on their products to help consumers reduce side effects. IgE antibodies have been demonstrated. In a 2018 paper, researchers examined two of the most commonly used plants found in the Balkans: P. lanceolata and P. major. They confirmed the traditional use of these plants in wound healing. This material is provided for educational purposes only and is not intended for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.