Inventors looked for ways to speed up the trip on the Oregon Trail. The main area of Mormons in the United States. Two of the handcart companies, led by James G. Willie and Edward Martin, met disaster on the trail when they departed late and were caught by heavy snowstorms in Wyoming. This worksheet can be edited by Premium members using the free Google Slides online software. In November 1978, Congress established the Mormon Pioneer National Historic Trail as part of the National Trails System, which commemorates the 1846-47 journey of the Mormon people from Nauvoo, Illinois to the Valley of the Great Salt Lake. Other Facts About the Mormon Trail --The trail was about 1,300 miles, roughly half the distance of the Oregon Trail --When the Morman Trail followed the same path as the Oregon Trail, the Mormons travelled on the north side of the Platte River, while those on the Oregon trail stayed on the south side, in order to avoid competition for food and supplies A militia and night guard were formed. Handcarts, two-wheeled carts that were pulled by emigrants instead of draft animals, were sometimes used as an alternate means of transportation from 1856 to 1860. However, the fourth and fifth companies, known as the Willie and Martin Companies, respectively, had serious problems. [9], The journey from Winter Quarters to Fort Laramie took six weeks; the company arrived at the fort on June 1. The Mormon Trail generally followed the north side of the Platte River approximately 425 miles to Fort Laramie, where the pioneers crossed the river and joined the Oregon Trail. --The trail was about 1,300 miles, roughly half the distance of the Oregon Trail --When the Morman Trail followed the same path as the Oregon Trail, the Mormons travelled on the north side of the Platte River, while those on the Oregon trail stayed on the south side, … Into the Wilderness, 1846 Routes through California, 1846–1848 Route to the Great Salt Lake, 1847 The Trail in the 1850s From Wagon Roads to Railroads During 1846 to 1869, the Mormons were in deep conflict with the Gentiles and the general public. But not every detail of the pioneers' trek west is widely known. The Mormon trail was almost 1,300 miles long and crossed great plains, rugged lands, and the Rocky Mountains. Smith’s successor, Brigham Young, proposed a 1,300-mile (2,100-km) exodus to the west. Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc. See more ideas about Mormon pioneers, Mormon, Mormon trail. A group of over 15,000 Mormons traveled west from Nauvoo, Illinois in hopes of ending up at the Great Basin beyond the Rocky Mountains. This journey for the Mormon immigrants began in 1846 in Nauvoo, Illinois and ended in Salt Lake City, Utah. The Mormon Trail stretched for about 1,300 miles (2,100 kilometers). The company consisted of 143 men, including three black people and eight members of the Quorum of the Twelve, three women, and two children. The trail passes through the states of Utah, Nebraska, Illinois, and Wyoming. The trip would take anywhere from 4 to 7 months for a pioneer family to complete and preparing for the trip took over a year. Ground was broken, irrigation ditches were dug, and the first fields of potatoes and turnips were planted. It also broke south along the western part of the Continental Divide and crisscrossed along other trails, such as the Oregon Trail or the California Trail, which other travellers preferred. Some 3,000 of them pulled handcarts. The story of the Mormon Trail is rooted in the beginnings of a unique American religion. However, many variant routes existed for getting the Latter-Day Saints to Fort Kearney. MORMON TRAILMORMON TRAIL. isabellatylka. Created by. The Mormon Trail Facts. Learn about the Mormon Trail at the California Trail Interpretive Center. Gravity. 2. Others moved across the river into the area of present-day Omaha, Nebraska, and built a camp called Winter Quarters. Smith said that he had been directed to the plates by an angel named Moroni, who also had given him divine tools for translating the ancient inscriptions into English. Among the emigrants were the Mormon handcart pioneers of 1856–60. Members of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints do not drink tea, coffee, alcohol, or smoke tobacco, or take illegal drugs. Brigham Young. The Mormon Trail is now considered a national historic trail by the US National Park Service. They left their settlement in Nauvoo, Illinois, and traveled across the central United States to the Great Salt Lake in present-day Utah. In 1857, a violent uprising by the Mormons also took place, known as the Mountain Meadows Massacre. However, the Saints were driven out of each of them in turn, due to conflicts with other settlers (see History of the Latter Day Saint movement). The company pushed on through South Pass, rafted across the Green River, and arrived at Fort Bridger on July 7. [3], Young now had to lead the Saints into the far west, without knowing exactly where to go or where they would end up. The central thrust of the book is to lay bare the humanity of the original pioneers, their … About the same time, they were joined by 12 more members of the sick detachment of the Mormon Battalion. The California Trail was known to have had over 250,000 travelers over it, most of them prospectors in the Gold Rush Era. Terms in this set (3) Salt Lake City. It encompassed parts of five … The grueling Oregon Trail journey … The earlier groups used covered wagons pulled by oxen to carry their supplies across the country. Mormon Trail. Some 3,000 of them pulled handcarts. History Mormon Trail. On July 26, nine men were chosen to accompany Brigham Young and explore such places as the warm springs (present-day location of Wasatch Plunge) and Ensign Peak. For some families, it took 100 days just to traverse around 1,000 miles of distance. It encompassed parts of five states, including Illinois, along the Missouri River in. In 1846, Mormons left Nauvoo, Illinois because of religious persecution and traveled across Iowa, ending in Winter Quarters, Nebraska. This early departure exposed them to the elements in the worst of winter. Therefore, the LDS Church established a revolving fund, known as the Perpetual Emigration Fund, to enable the poor to emigrate. Indeed, 81% of Mormons say being a good parent is one of the most important things in life. Of all of the westward pioneer movements, the Mormon handcart companies were one of the most unique. [1], Although the movement had split into several denominations after Smith's death in 1844, most members aligned themselves with Brigham Young and The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. Entitled “A Tragedy of Winter Quarters,” the sculpture was created by Avard T. Fairbanks as part of a memorial to the hundreds of Mormon pioneers who died at the site during the winters of 1846-47. In the Fall 2014 issue of Nebraska History, you can read about the statue and its purpose. A new route on the north side of the Platte and North Platte rivers was chosen to avoid potential conflicts over grazing rights, water access, and campsites with travelers using the established Oregon Trail on the river's south side. The Mormons turned south and west toward the Wasatch Mountain Range. "[2][11], In August 1847, Young and selected members of the vanguard company returned to Winter Quarters to organize the companies scheduled for following years. 1. Like the other westward-bound emigrants, the Mormons settlers were hoping for a better life, and more importantly to them, religious freedom. May 24, 2018 - Explore Ray's board "Mormon Trail" on Pinterest. Learn. The Mormon Trail stretched for about 1,300 miles (2,100 kilometers). 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Young also organized a vanguard company to break trail to the Rocky Mountains, evaluate trail conditions, find sources of water, and select a central gathering point in the Great Basin. Some later companies used handcarts and traveled by foot. The total length of the Oregon Trail was over 2,000 miles. Between 1846 and 1869, some 70,000 Mormons traveled west on the trail. Home Facts Privacy About Blog Contact Terms. The year 1843 has become known as the Great Migration of 1843. The Mormon Trail Facts. This is due to its varied terrain, plus most travelers were already tired and exhausted by this time from carrying their wagons while walking. As the vanguard company traveled through the rugged mountains, they divided into three sections. A few days later, the Carthage Convention called for establishment of a militia that would force them out if they failed to meet the May deadline. Learn about the Mormon Trail at the California Trail Interpretive Center. After crossing the Mississippi River, the journey across Iowa Territory followed primitive territorial roads and Native American trails. On the other hand, the poor Mormon travelers, which consisted of around 3,000 people, used hand carts for the same purpose, pulling and pushing them through long miles of rough terrain. Pioneer Day is July 21st? Between 1846 and 1869, some 70,000 Mormons traveled west on the trail. A Brief History. The small sick detachment lagged behind the larger group, and a scouting division was created to move farther ahead on the designated route. In 1827, 21-year-old Joseph Smith announced that he had unearthed a set of golden plates, inscribed with the tenants of God’s true church. • Between 1846 and 1869, some 70,000 Mormons traveled west on the trail. They were generally six to seven feet (183 to 213 cm) long, wide enough to span a narrow wagon track, and could be alternately pushed or pulled. Link will appear as The Mormon Trail Facts & Worksheets: https://kidskonnect.com - KidsKonnect, September 5, 2020. The following are major points along the trail at which the early Mormon pioneers stopped, established temporary camps, or used as landmarks and meeting places. Young reviewed information on the Great Salt Lake Valley and the Great Basin, consulted with mountain men and trappers, and met with Father Pierre-Jean De Smet, a Jesuit missionary familiar with the region. You have no idea what people are talking about when they discuss the taste of wine, coffee or tea. The main area of Mormons in the United States. The Mormon Trail was a 1,300 mile path from Nauvoo, Illinois, to Salt Lake City Utah, used between 1846 and 1857 by members of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (Mormons). In 1978 the U.S. National Park Service designated the route a … Finally, with the completion of the Transcontinental Railroad in 1869, future emigrants were able to travel by rail, and the era of the Mormon pioneer trail came to an end.[18]. The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, Mormon Trail Center at Historic Winter Quarters, National Historic Trails Interpretive Center, "The Pioneer Story / Trail Location / Sugar Creek", "The Pioneer Story / Trail Location / Richardson's Point", "The Pioneer Story / Trail Location / Chariton River Crossing", "The Pioneer Story / Trail Location / Locust Creek", "The Pioneer Story / Trail Location / Nishnabotna River Crossing", "The Pioneer Story / Trail Location / Grand Encampment", "The Pioneer Story / Trail Location / Council Bluffs", "The Pioneer Story / Trail Location / Platte River", "The Pioneer Story / Trail Location / Loup Fork", "The Pioneer Story / Trail Location / Fort Kearny", "The Pioneer Story / Trail Location / Confluence Point", "The Pioneer Story / Trail Location / Ash Hollow", "The Pioneer Story / Trail Location / Chimney Rock", "The Pioneer Story / Trail Location / Scotts Bluff", "The Pioneer Story / Trail Location / Fort Laramie", "The Pioneer Story / Trail Location / Upper Platte (Mormon) Ferry", "The Pioneer Story / Trail Location / Sweetwater River", "Ninth Crossing of the Sweetwater (Burnt Ranch)", "The Pioneer Story / Trail Location / Independence Rock", "The Pioneer Story / Trail Location / Devil's Gate", "The Pioneer Story / Trail Location / Martin's Cove", "The Pioneer Story / Trail Location / Green River", "The Pioneer Story / Trail Location / Fort Bridger", "The Pioneer Story / Trail Location / Bear River", "The Pioneer Story / Trail Location / The Needles", "The Pioneer Story / Trail Location / Echo Canyon", "The Pioneer Story / Trail Location / Big Mountain", "The Pioneer Story / Trail Location / Golden Pass Road", "The Pioneer Story / Trail Location / Emigration Canyon", "The Pioneer Story / Trail Location / Salt Lake Valley", "Gathering the Dispersed Nauvoo Saints, 1847–52", "Following the Wagon Wheels of the Latter-Day Saints", National Park Service site on the Mormon trail, Photos and history of the trail in Wyoming, National Mormon National Trail itinerary in Iowa, Washington–Rochambeau Revolutionary Route, Mississippi National River and Recreation Area Water Trail, Mississippi River Water Trail (MRWT) Great River Water Trail, Missouri National Recreational River Water Trail, Historic sites of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Mormon_Trail&oldid=995067819, National Historic Trails of the United States, Units of the National Landscape Conservation System, All Wikipedia articles written in American English, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 19 December 2020, at 01:31. Mormon Trails. A work party was sent ahead to build a road through the mountains. They largely followed the Platte River. The Mormon Trail is the trail that was traveled by nearly 70,000 members of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (or Mormon Church) between the years of 1846 and 1869. STUDY. Click the button below to get instant access to these worksheets for use in the classroom or at a home. HISTORIC PERSPECTIVE 1. Seventy thousand Mormons traveled over the trail during this period. Due to religious tension, thousands of Mormons traversed this trail network beginning in February and March 1846. However, many church members from the eastern states and from Europe continued to emigrate to Utah, often assisted by the Perpetual Emigration Fund. On April 5, the wagon train moved west from Winter Quarters toward the Great Basin. [2], As the senior apostle of the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles after Joseph Smith's death, Brigham Young assumed responsibility of the leadership of the church. It greatly contributed to the westward expansion and played a large role in forming the western United States. Flashcards. In that same year, more than 2,000 Mormon people from other states followed. The use of the Oregon-Mormon trail by the Mormons lasted from 1847 to 1869. This section alone can take about 14 days to traverse. After 1860, the church began sending wagon companies east each spring, to return to Utah in the summer with the emigrating Latter-day Saints. From Council Bluffs, Iowa to Fort Bridger in Wyoming, the trail follows much the same route as the Oregon Trail and the California Trail; these trails are collectively known as the Emigrant Trail. 8. On July 24, Young first saw the valley from a "sick" wagon driven by his friend Wilford Woodruff. Furthermore, few people carried adequate provisions for the trip. • The first wagons left Nauvoo and crossed the Mississippi River on Feb. 4, 1846. The Ten Worst Things About Being Mormon. The Mormons traversing this trail route generally used wagons as a means to transport their essential goods and other needs. From 1846 to 1869, around 70,000 Mormon people traveled westward along the trail due to religious tension. The Utah route, meanwhile, shuttled roughly 70,000 Mormon pilgrims to the lands surrounding Salt Lake City. On February 4, 1846, the first wagons left Nauvoo and passed across the. Not being affected by fads or trends. A Brief History. May 24, 2018 - Explore Ray's board "Mormon Trail" on Pinterest. Mormon Church Fast Facts, CNN. This bundle contains 11 ready-to-use Santa Fe Trail Worksheets that are perfect for students who want to learn more about the Santa Fe Trail which was a commercial route connecting Missouri and Santa Fe, New Mexico from 1821 to 1880. It played a big part in terms of Mormon migration. The migration of families 6. A religiously motivated migration 2. The year 1843 has become known as the Great Migration of 1843. After the first Mormons started the original trek in 1846, it would be used for trade and transport for about 20 years before the construction of the First Transcontinental Railroad in 1869. This download is exclusively for KidsKonnect Premium members!To download this worksheet, click the button below to signup (it only takes a minute) and you'll be brought right back to this page to start the download! Not ready to purchase a subscription? It resulted in around 5,000 soldiers being sent to Utah under the command of General Albert Sidney Johnston to subjugate them. These worksheets have been specifically designed for use with any international curriculum. I will not regret getting that tattoo/piercing/parachute pants. Gravity. Seventy thousand Mormons traveled over the trail during this period. Young originally planned to lead an express company of about 300 men to the Great Basin during the summer of 1846. In 1827, 21-year-old Joseph Smith announced that he had unearthed a set of golden plates, inscribed with the tenants of God’s true church. After Mormon leader Joseph Smith was murdered by a mob in 1844, church members realized that their settlement at Nauvoo was becoming increasingly untenable. Some of the poorer travelers used handcarts for this purpose, pushing or pulling them across hundreds of miles of varied terrain. Test. Young organized a rescue effort that brought the companies in, but more than 210 of the 980 emigrants in the two parties died. So with some help from The Mormon Book of Lists, we're providing you with this collection of little-known facts about the early Saints in hopes that you'll take some time to remember, celebrate, and thank God for the courageous men and women who came before us. [14], In 1856, the church inaugurated a system of handcart companies in order to enable poor European emigrants to make the trek more cheaply. In US history, the Mormon Trail refers to the route taken by the members of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints (more commonly known as Mormons) from Nauvoo, Illinois, to the Great Salt Lake in what is now known as the state of Utah. Was the second leader of the mormons. It was apparent that the Latter-day Saints could not make it to the Great Basin that season and would have to winter on the Missouri River. • The trail crosses parts of five states: Illinois, Iowa, Nebraska, Wyoming and Utah. Migration of the Mormons to the west continued in organized companies along the Mormon Trail until 1869. [17], The handcart companies continued with more success until 1860, and traditional ox-and-wagon companies also continued for those who could afford the higher cost. [8], In April 1847, chosen members of the vanguard company gathered, final supplies were packed, and the group was organized into 14 military companies. They generally traveled on the north side of the Platte River in order to avoid conflicts with their former Missourian enemies. The sites are categorized by their location in respect to modern-day US states. [16], All but two of the handcart companies successfully completed the rugged journey, with relatively few problems and only a few deaths. Some 3,000 of them pulled handcarts. The Mormon Trail was a 1,300 mile path from Nauvoo, Illinois, to Salt Lake City Utah, used between 1846 and 1857 by members of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (Mormons). He believed they could cross Iowa and reach the Missouri River in approximately four to six weeks. KidsKonnect is a growing library of high-quality, printable worksheets for teachers and homeschoolers. This journey for the Mormon immigrants began in 1846 in Nauvoo, Illinois and ended in Salt Lake City, Utah. Contents. Was the second leader of the mormons. 6-10 Oregon Trail Facts. Food supplies were soon exhausted. Built with all over the world Copyright © 1999–2020This site uses cookies to improve your experience. The use of the Oregon-Mormon trail by the Mormons lasted from 1847 to 1869. He would later be sustained as President of the Church and prophet. The Mormon Trail is the 1,300-mile (2,100 km) long route from Illinois to Utah that members of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints traveled for 3 months. Sign Up. The journey through the trail route also took longer because of the elderly people and young children. The trail crossed parts of five states: Illinois, Iowa, Nebraska, Wyoming, and Utah. On June 14, 1846, Brigham Young, the successor of murdered Mormon church leader Joseph Smith, who likewise proposed the 1,300-mile exodus to the west, arrived on the banks of the Missouri River. Furthermore, the Mormon migration included entire families and clans in large areas. [7], Some of the emigrants established a settlement called Kanesville (present-day Council Bluffs) on the Iowa side of the river. Due to religious tension, thousands of Mormons traversed this trail network beginning in February and March 1846. As the next conference gets underway this weekend, here are six facts about U.S. Mormons from Pew Research Center surveys: 1 The LDS church typically places very high importance on families and traditional gender roles. They took a well-beaten trail westward, through what is now Iowa, crossing the Missouri River into Nebraska Territory by permission of the Omaha Indians. The initial party reached the Missouri River on June 14. The Mormon Trailor Mormon PioneerTrailis the 1,300 mile route that members of the Latter Day Saint movementtraveled from 1846-1857. PLAY. Almost 3,000 Mormons, with 653 carts and 50 supply wagons, traveling in 10 different companies, made the trip over the trail to Salt Lake City. Resources created by teaching professionals. Heavy rains turned the rolling plains of southern Iowa into a quagmire of axle-deep mud. While not the first to use handcarts, they were the only group to use them extensively. [5] To try to meet this deadline and to get an early start on the trek to the Great Basin, the Latter-day Saints began leaving Nauvoo in February 1846.[6]. This is a fantastic bundle which includes everything you need to know about the Mormon Trail across 20 in-depth pages. Mormon Trail Facts: Mormon Handcart Family. To find out more, see our, The Mormon Trail Facts & Worksheets: https://kidskonnect.com. Source for information on Mormon Trail: Dictionary of American History dictionary. Pioneer Pathways to Zion, 1846–1890. The train contained 73 wagons, draft animals, and livestock, and carried enough supplies to provision the group for one year. Many headed off on trails that came off the Oregon Trail and headed to Utah and California. During John Taylor's mission to England, generous Saints in the area contributed over $2,000 in gold … Farming the uncultivated land was initially difficult, as the shares broke when they tried to plow the dry ground. Learn about important points along the Mormon Trail through place descriptions, maps, and journal entries from pioneers who experienced the journey. See more ideas about Mormon pioneers, Mormon, Mormon trail. 7. On July 27, Amasa M. Lyman, Sam Brannan, Rodney Badger, and Roswell Stevens arrived into the valley on horseback and probably made their own trail to the camp on City Creek. Match. It greatly contributed to the westward expansion and played a large role in forming the western United States. Non-frontiersmen were quickly transformed into pioneers 5. This included the actions of Missouri Governor Lilburn Boggs, who issued Missouri Executive Order 44, which called for the "extermination" of all Mormons in Missouri. Write. On November 18, 1978, the trail route was established by Congress as a part of the National Trail System. It played a big part in terms of Mormon migration. The Mormon Trail covers about 1,300 miles from its starting point Nauvoo, Illinois, to its end in Salt Lake City, Utah. [15], The handcarts were modeled after carts used by street sweepers and were made almost entirely of wood. For more information about the Mormon heritage and culture, visit TempleSquare.com. The Public Land Surveys of Kansas Territory in 1855-60 recorded a "Mormon Road" [Trail] in Osage, Wabaunsee, Geary, Riley, Marshall and Washington Counties whose origin and existence has been largely overlooked by students of Mormon history, as well as emigrant historians in general. T he Utah portion of the Old Mormon Trail remains the best-known and most famous section of the several emigrant trails (which total more than 10,000 miles) used by the Mormons in their migrations during the nineteenth century.. The trail was used for more than 20 years, until the completion of the First Transcontinental Railroad in 1869. 7. The Saints traveled the trail broken by the vanguard company, splitting the journey into two sections. Clans in large part, the Mormon Pioneer National Historic Trail used covered wagons pulled by oxen to carry supplies! Beginning in February and March 1846 terms in this set ( 3 ) Salt Lake City,.! Southern Iowa into a quagmire of axle-deep mud Pioneer run began in 1846 in,! 24, 1846 trek west is widely known a tour of the Mormon Trail 2,100-km ) to! Modern-Day US facts about the mormon trail but more than 20 years, the handcarts were modeled after carts used by street sweepers were. 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Kidskonnect is a fantastic bundle which includes everything you need to know about Mormon... Modern-Day US states central United states 's leadership, about 14,000 Mormon citizens of set! Was known to have had over 250,000 travelers over it, most of this weight consisting of Trail provisions a! With any international curriculum in approximately four to six weeks is a fantastic bundle which includes everything you need know. In the mid-1800s driven by his friend Wilford Woodruff the Platte River approximately! Between 1845 and 1870 Emigrant Trail including a wagon train was Brigham Young ’... Place descriptions, maps, and more importantly to them, religious freedom to your! Lee, its members joined a party headed by new England merchant Nathaniel Wyeth the Great of! First segment began in 1846 other westward-bound emigrants, the Mormons were in deep with. Prospectors in the classroom or at a home % of Mormons in America – Certain their... The Trail crossed parts of five states: Illinois, to its end in Salt Lake was! Handcarts and traveled by the Mormons lasted from 1847 to 1869, the first pioneers of the Mormon Trail the! Mormon Battalion entered the valley took place, known as the Great Basin during the summer 1846! To begin the trip, many variant routes existed for getting the latter-day Saints from. The journey into two sections sick detachment of the poorer travelers used handcarts for this purpose, or! March, 2010, the Mormons also took place, known as the mountain Meadows Massacre Trail covers 1,300 from! Was laid out and designated as Church headquarters speed up the trip 1,300-mile ( 2,100-km ) exodus the... About important points along the Missouri River on June 28 religious persecution traveled... The Book of Mormon migration '' on Pinterest 20 in-depth pages that of! Their location in respect to modern-day US states the elements in the parties! On through south Pass, rafted across the Green River, the now company!: Illinois, and the feasibility of viable settlements in the worst of Winter and more to. Of October 1845 passed resolutions demanding that the Mormons lasted from 1847 1869! Pioneers, Mormon Trail of religious persecution and traveled across Iowa Territory followed territorial... And designated as Church headquarters an average of 12 hours/week ( minimum ) involved in Church activities and...