According to the South Caroliniana the photo was taken in 1850, but I believe the photo was taken around 1860. [6], Susan Hampton Manning died in 1845 giving birth to her third child with John L. Manning. John The story of Millford's survival might have ended quite differently had he known. Plantation slaves were expected to work as and when their owners and ‘overseers’ dictated. This is unusual because the Phyfes did not engage generally with the emerging historical revival styles (Baroque, Gothic, Rococo, etc.) 119-120. Willtown Bluff Plantation. Smith, Thomas Gordon, "Living with antiques: Millford Plantation in South Carolina", South Carolina Department of Archives and History listing for Milford (sic) Plantation, "National Register of Historic Places Inventory-Nomination: Millford Plantation", "1995 South Carolina Historic Preservation Awards", Classical American Homes Preservation Trust, history & photos of Milford Plantation, Tour of the house video (aired Oct 3, 1994), Millford Plantation listing within National Historic Landmarks program, National Register listings for Sumter County. Before the Civil War, nearly 4 million black slaves toiled in the American South. Designated as a National Historic Landmark, it is regarded as one of the finest examples of Greek Revival residential architecture in the United States. The house, along with 400 acres of surrounding land, was acquired in May 1992 from three of the Clark descendants and was meticulously restored by Richard Hampton Jenrette. Slaves who disobeyed or resisted even in small ways were violently punished - in Antigua it was not a crime to kill a slave until 1723. On the plantation slaves continued their harsh existence, as growing sugar was gruelling work. Much of the furnishings are still in the house. First-generation children of mixed race were called mulattoes. Thomas rides over on his horse, stopping right in front of his new workers. South Carolina Plantation Pictures Below are … Milford lies in New Haven County on Long Island sound and is separated from the township of Stratford on the west by the Housatonic river, and about 10 miles S.W. On November 19, 1971, Millford Plantation, also called the Governor John L. Manning House, was added to the National Register of Historic Places and on November 7, 1973, it was declared a National Historic Landmark,[2][11][12] due to its historic and artistic importance. During harvest time, slaves worked in shifts of up to 18 hours a day. He is one of the founders of the New York investment banking firm, Donaldson, Lufkin & Jenrette, and a collateral descendant of Susan Hampton Manning. The lawyers and judges of the island were slave owners, so there was little interest in prosecuting for the mistreatment of slaves. Historical records show that John L. Manning kept between 25 and 30 enslaved individuals at Millford for domestic tasks associated with the household and some agricultural production. Some slaves resisted by rebelling or trying to escape. John and Susan Manning furnished Millford in the then fashionable Grecian style, including a considerable quantity of furniture made by Duncan Phyfe (one of America's most celebrated cabinetmakers). Millford Plantation is simply breathtaking. [18], This period in Phyfe's work is characterized by the use of plainer bands of highly polished wood, with little carving, the use of volutes, deep cavetto cornices, simple square columns, Marlboro feet, and console supports (C-scrolls) that were known in the Phyfe shop simply as "Grecian scrolls". Oct 27, 2020 - Millford is open for public tours once a month on the first Saturday from February to December in 2018. In general, a slave plantation was an agricultural and livestock estate that was large enough to contain the house of the master or slave owner and the residences of the slaves. Semi-Pro Football. It remained in the Clarks' hands until 1992, used by the family primarily as a winter retreat and for hunting and fishing.[8][10]. Millford and its furnishings are remarkable in that the entire house was decorated with furniture commissioned from a single cabinetmaker (something uncommon those days). The gates to Millford are open on the first Saturday of every month from 9:00 a.m. to 3:00 p.m. It once belonged to Captain Isaac Ross, who freed his slaves at the time of his death. Slaves suffered appalling conditions and cruelty. However, the source for the wealth that allowed Manning to construct and furnish Millford, were the profits realized from the sale of sugar grown on his Louisiana sugar plantations. Phyfe. [16], In 1840, John Laurence Manning made a trip to New York City where he likely visited Phyfe. Slaves were whipped if they did not work hard enough. Mature women often worked as midwives, nurses or housekeepers. Millford Plantation (also spelled Milford) is a historic forced-labor farm and plantation house located on SC 261 west of Pinewood, South Carolina. Millford Plantation's monumental two-story Greek Revival mansion was built in Clarendon (now Sumter) county between 1839 and 1841 for John L. Manning and his wife, Susan Frances Hampton Manning. 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