These results are in no way scientific because the type and measurement of wound cavities can be highly variable depending on a few factors such as the target’s stature and clothing, not to mention these results were taken by firing each bullet from a 4-inch barrel at a soft medium (10% ballistic gelatin – as dense as human flesh but behaves and reacts differently when hit by a speeding bullet) without accounting for bone hits and measuring only the widest visible disruption caused by the bullet (in inches). CZ-75 SP-01 Shadow Target II Review: This handgun was first made to be used as a military firearm … Although the Syntech Action Pistol ammo is very soft shooting, there are some complaints that it might not cycle in heavier handguns without changing to lighter recoil springs. The chart below specifies each brand’s ballistic performance factoring in bullet weight and velocity:eval(ez_write_tag([[580,400],'gunnewsdaily_com-medrectangle-3','ezslot_3',112,'0','0'])); The red bars on the bar graph above represent each bullet’s weight in grains. Note: These are some of the most powerful 9mm loads on the market. Unlike Critical Duty ammunition, the Critical Defense lineup was not designed to pass the full FBI protocol; instead, it was purpose-built for defensive situations where no intermediate barrier was involved. With both my firearms installed with a dual circle and dot sights, I zeroed my carbines for 50 yards. Glock G40 Gen4. The .357 magnum on the other hand is the complete opposite of the .45 acp. As far as I’m concerned, PolyCase ARX Inceptor +P, Buffalo Bore JHP +P+ and Hornady XTP JHP +P are tied for first place. Underwood 9mm Xtreme Defender +P+. Federal HST 9mm 147 gr. It reaches 1,190 ft/s with 362 ft-lb muzzle energy. Penetration in the sweet spot zone, great expansion, and good velocity for … Lehigh Defense Maximum Expansion JHP, Speer Gold Dot +P “Short Barrel” and Corbon PowRball +P all have to be taken out of the list. . 9mm ammo is the most popular pistol caliber in the world. A heavier bullet penetrates barriers better and causes more damage if it remains in one piece. What about its downsides? On the other hand, the modern, bonded jacketed hollow point 9mm bullets are superior to full metal jacket projectiles, providing the minimum performance standards we are looking for self-defense. 1. Whether you call it the 9mm Luger, 9mm Parabellum, 9mm NATO, 9 millimeter, or just plain 9mm, 9x19mm ammunition is the most popular cartridge for handguns in the world – with more than 60% of the world's law enforcement agencies currently using this ammo. While they’re involved in a personal injury case with Glock and Cabela’s right now, I’ve always had a soft spot in my heart for their loads. Muzzle … So yeah, I’d rather use a bullet design with controlled penetration. Today, there are a few newer bullet designs which have evolved from the “fourth generation rounds” such as the notorious Cor-Bon Glaser Safety Slug that comes with an excellent reputation when it comes to stopping power. I would avoid the Inceptor/ARX. It’s relatively new, I believe it only came out two years ago. While Syntech loads provide reliable knockdowns on steel targets in competition, they also reduce splash back on steel targets, followed by the notable decrease in perceived recoil over standard FMJ loads. Well, there are 9mm ammo extreme pressures loads (i.e. So as a disclaimer, take these results with a grain of salt. 5.56x45mm NATO. In fact, I like it a lot (just not nearly as much as I like the other two). There is ammo out there that brings it to life, like it was intended. In the market, you usually have the following types of bullets: lead non-jacketed bullets, FMJ or full-metal-jacket bullets, and finally, the JHP or jacketed hollow point bullets. Likewise for handgun calibers, not counting rounds I consider obscure but slowly gaining popularity (e.g. The consensus among firearms enthusiast is, when a high energy FMJ bullet hits a soft target, the energy is just wasted because the bullet won’t stop until it travels too far or it hits another target. And never make the assumption that you can win every gunfight just because you have your mag loaded with some of the best ammo on the market. Hornady Critical Defense. CCI brings shooters ammunition built to SAAMI standards capable of more extended shooting sessions without a hefty price tag or operational issues. Two channels from which blood comes out means faster blood loss and is almost a guarantee that the bad guy is incapacitated immediately. This type of projectile designed for expansion is usually a JHP, as the opening in the bullet’s exposed, soft nose will enhance expansion once the bullet hits the target, creating a larger wound channel. Federal loads it to more powerful, higher-velocity specifications. Federal, Underwood, Super Vel, Cor Bon, Winchester, Black Hills… The Defender usually comes in about 17″. I have had multiple fire arms in multiple calibers that wont eat hornady ammo, or have had other problems. That same lower cost also encourages handgun owners to practice more for less money. Typical small frame revolvers can only hold five rounds, medium frame revolvers can only hold six to seven, and large frame revolvers can only hold up to eight. Federal Premium HST JHP. 9mm. Additionally, while the controlled expansion of the jacket into “flower petals” creates a larger bullet diameter in the target, the adequate expansion will also prevent overpenetration to minimize collateral damage from bullets passing through the target. I would not dismiss all the other products here though. But in a gunfight, the guy who wins is the one who can place well-aimed shots at the right time and we recognize that training and practice are mandatory to every handgun owner. Just a side note. For that reason, the best 10mm ammunition to use in a bear-defense situation incorporates full metal jacket or hard-cast bullets. With all the 9mm ammo choices on the market though, we’re presented with another problem. Also, unless you live in and never stray from “the middle of nowhere,” over-penetration is NOT your friend and those that were downrange of your still-travelling bullet (or their families) will own you. I have my preferences as far as handguns designs, i.e. Underwood 9mm Xtreme Defender +P+. Syntech synthetic jackets allow the bullets to glide through the barrel, preventing copper and lead from fouling and keeping your gun cleaner. While these will have no problem breaking bones, these bullets will be significantly slower compared to the lighter and faster options like the PolyCase ARX Inceptor +P and the Underwood 9mm Xtreme Defender +P+. The graph below gives an idea how each of the bullets dump their energy in a soft target. But it offers one thing neither of my preferred calibers offer: superb ammo capacity. Some did just make it into the fourth, and I consider penetration beyond the fourth to be excessive. The general rule for ammo storage is to keep it in a cool, dry, dark location. Though the 9mm Parabellum has always been a widely-used cartridge, there are still many misinterpretations and misunderstandings of this favorite round. So the 9mm trumps both my preferred handgun calibers in the ammo capacity department. A lot of criminal records and serious tests have proven that full metal jacket ammunition achieves great overpenetration and minimal expansion, making this type less suitable for self-defense. By adopted nomenclature, the round is called 9x19mm, however, we also call it “9mm”, “9mm Parabellum”, “9mm NATO”, or “9mm Luger”, but all of these refer to the same 9x19mm round. Whereas the selection of a compact carry weapon (CCW) is relatively easy, ammunition selection is a complicated job, especially if you are in the market for the best 9mm self-defense ammo. On the other hand, from an economical aspect, the 9mm Luger by CCI is the best choice for bulk 9mm target shooting ammunition. Statistically, 87 percent of people shot with 9mm FMJ ammunition survive, yet to date over 90 percent of people shot with Glaser rounds have died. In my testing the bullet, at an aveage velocity of 1,657 fps., produced virtually no damage to the even the first water-filled gallon milk jug in line and showed a tendency for over-penetration. So, to make the comparison as fair to all contenders as possible, each bullet will be ranked from 1 to 9 depending on each of the metrics used, and all scores will be added up and divided by the number of metrics used. So to narrow down the ever-growing list of 9mm ammo options for self defense, we’ll be comparing offerings from different manufacturers based on the bullets’ ability to penetrate only within 12 to 18 inches (those that penetrate less than 12 or over 18 inches will have to be weeded out), how they perform in ballistics gel tests, and how much each costs. Like most simple folk, I like rooting for the underdog, and being the gun nut that I am, I just love hot loads. As can be quickly surmised from the chart, Hornady XTP +P is THE most affordable brand, while Corbon PowRball +P comes as a distant second and Winchester PDX1 Defender +P comes as an even more distant third. But it’s supposed to mimic true .357 magnum revolver performance in Glock 19 handguns with just a barrel and recoil spring swap. They claim their 65 grain round’s polycarbonate copper matrix fluted Engagement: Extreme Self-Defense bullet motors along at . AMMO FINDER AMMO FINDER. Unlike the previous chart listing the somewhat variable terminal performance of each bullet (i.e. i would still use the underwood as it over penetrated but only by 2-3 inches. We may earn a commission when you purchase through one of our links. But whatever you do, whether or not you end up ordering any of the ammo brands in this article, make sure you save some for practice shooting if only to familiarize yourself with how your handgun handles the loads —  specifically, how accurate the bullets are and how they recoil. For me, as far as handgun calibers, these two being on the higher end of the ballistics performance spectrum, no other calibers come close. Its only downside: lackluster ammo capacity. If you store your ammunition in nearly ideal conditions, modern ammo will last centuries. On the other hand, many experts have advocated for years the "bigger is better" theory of defensive handgun rounds, but with engineering and performance of modern 9mm cartridges, lighter and faster 9mm projectiles can rival the slower and heavier .45 ACP in terms of wounding capabilities. Hollow point ammunition with modern bullet designs such as JHPs is designed to expand upon impacting soft tissue to stop your attacker efficiently. This nickel-plated brass ammunition has become my go-to for concealed carry and 9mm defensive purposes. the bullet has to stay in one single piece while it penetrates light or heavy clothing and travels through the soft tissue. Most 9mm ammo travels faster than the speed of sound but there are some options that travel slow enough to be subsonic. Unlike many of the other choices on this list of the best 9mm … Both the lightest and heaviest are calibrated to function close to the same, but there are some clear advantages to each. While this CCI Blazer Brass, low-cost ammo has some downsides, it is quite acceptable ammunition for target shooting or just plinking around at the range, as well as for reloaders. To help our readers make sense of the table above, we’ve created a few graphs. I wouldn’t bother comparing ammo capacities between shooting platforms for the .357 magnum and the 9mm, as I see no point in comparing revolvers to semi-autos. In this way, Hornady FTX's Flex Tip design provides sufficient penetration and controlled expansion between 1.3 and 1.6 times the 9mm’s original diameter. The best examples of improved and advanced designs are the Lehigh Defense Xtreme Penetrator cartridge and the Novx Extreme Self-Defense ammo. Of course, what’s the point in crunching all these numbers and determining that brand X is better than all the other brands when you don’t have enough moolah to buy it? Regarding what you said, “perhaps a bullet that EXITS may perform by making two open wounds on the attacker and two areas of ‘exsanguination’” — I agree with you on this. For training and even plinking, you can purchase FMJ ammo cases or buckets of 500 or more in order to lower the cost per round. Average Penetration - 18.3" As such, it should run most any full-size semi-auto with plenty of juice. As an Amazon Associate we earn from qualifying purchases. Unfortunately we’ll have to weed out the only over-penetrating contender when considering this metric (i.e. The USA White Box 9x19mm caliber ammunition has a default application for plinking and target because of consistent accuracy and positive functioning of full metal jacket bullet. Underwood’s Xtreme Defender +P+ does overpenetrate but I wouldn’t hesitate to carry these super hot loads in an all-steel 9mm EDC piece, simply because we never know when we might need to shoot a bad guy hiding behind some sort of solid barrier. … The table below shows how each bullet was ranked in the different metrics we used: Join 70,000 Readers For Our Weekly Discounts. While all Critical Defense bullets with flexible tips are useful for preventing clogging of hollow points, they are also cannelured and case-crimped to avoid bullet setback. Another venerable and honored American ammunition maker is known for its design innovation and manufacturing excellence. Underwood’s Xtreme Defender indeed doesn’t penetrate as deep as their Xtreme Penetrator. The only problem with the 9mm is that there are so many round options to choose from. It is also a reason why the Blazer Brass ammo is not intended for use by law enforcement. PolyCase 9MM +P ARX Inceptor. Why do I have to choose one over the other when I can have both?eval(ez_write_tag([[468,60],'gunnewsdaily_com-box-3','ezslot_11',116,'0','0'])); The 9mm will not create as big a hole as the .45 acp does, and it will never outrun a speeding .357 magnum bullet fired from a 4-inch-barrel revolver, so as far as ballistics, it will never come close to my two preferred handgun calibers. G’day from New Zealand, Thank you for your well researched article. We all carry 357Mag,41Mag,44Mag,460Mag as back-up and most use 12Ga slug guns. The UMC line of handgun ammo offers reasonably priced loads for the high-volume shooter, making target and practice shooting a more enjoyable and very affordable activity. The chart below shows the bullets’ minimum and maximum depth of penetration measured in inches: The blue bars represent the minimum depth (measured in inches) of ballistic gel material each bullet penetrated, while the orange bar represents each bullet’s maximum penetration depth. The 9mm Blazer Brass ammo made by CCI is intended for use by the casual shooters as a reliable training and practice ammunition. But, that success didn’t happen overnight, asi it’s also one of the oldest pistol ammo designs still in common use. We hope that you never shoot your firearm in self-defense, but like any reasonable adult, you should prepare yourself for the worst scenario by applying the collected information and considering your budget for purchasing the best defense ammo, as well as for training and practice. Click On Any Handgun Ammo Group Below: FULL POWER+ 30 M1 CARBINE AMMO 32 S&W LONG (32 COLT NEW POLICE) BUFFALO-BARNES 32 ACP +P LEAD-FREE .32 ACP +P Ammo Heavy 32 H&R MAG. 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