Pradeep SR, Guha M. Food Chem. Foxtail Millet is the second-largest producer of millet in the world. Sorghum (Sorghum bicolor), is a warm-season crop intolerant to low temperatures, resistant to pests and diseases, highly nutritious, and a climate-compliant crop. And, it is originated from West... Barnyard millets are grown globally everywhere and consumed by both humans and animals. It has a carbohydrate content of 81.5%, protein 9.8%, crude fiber 4.3%, and mineral 2.7% that is comparable to other cereals and millets. Panicum miliaceum and P. sumatrense showed variation among clones that divided the clones into two distinct groups of sequences for each taxon, defined by the presence of particular indels and substitutions. Samai benefits in Tamil, சாமை பயன்கள் Little Millet – Samai Benefits in Tamil, Samai Payangal, Samai uses in Tamil, Samai சாமை Samai Payangal, Samai Nanmaigal, (Panicum sumatrense) Nutritional Value and Health Benefits of Little Millet சாமை பயன்கள் மற்றும் ஆரோக்கிய நன்மைகள், சாமை நன்மைகள், சாமை … Little millet (Panicum sumatrense), a minor cereal, is known for several health benefits due to the presence of bioactive nutraceuticals such as phenolic compounds, gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA), carotenoids, and tocopherols. It’s also a rich source of calcium and iron, which are excellent for your bones. India is the top in the production of little millet. In another scientific study undertaken to develop a composite diabetic mix from regional millets, their benefit in treating this terrible disease was proven.This mix seems to have a therapeutic effect, and it’s necessary to raise people’s awareness of the benefits of little millet (4). It is a rich source of natural fiber, containing the highest-fiber as compared to other millets about 12.5%. Little millet (Panicum sumatrense Roth.ex.Roem.& Schult.) According to one study, the use of little millet can reduce both LDL and total cholesterol levels (2), which may reduce the risk of heart diseases.This should come as no surprise given that little millet contains components such as B-complex vitamins, essential amino acids, and important minerals. Browntop millet (Brachiaria ramosa (L.) Stapf; Panicum ramosum L.) is an introduced annual grass that originated in South-East Asia. It is helpful for the post-menopausal women. It’s rich in protein and fiber. It boosts immunity and has exceptional nutritional values. It is domesticated in the Eastern Ghats of India, which maintains a large proportion of the diet among the tribal people of Sri Lanka, Nepal, and Myanmar. Health Benefits of Millets Millets have many nutraceutical properties that are helpful to prevent many health problems such as lowering blood pressure, risk of heart disease, prevention of cancer and cardiovascular diseases, decreasing tumour cases etc. Little Millet contains 8.7 grams of protein, 75.7 grams of carbohydrates, 5.3 grams of fat, 1.7 grams of minerals, and 9.3 milligrams of iron per 100 grams of grains. List of various diseases cured by Little Millet. Tapas Chandra Roy, Assistant Agriculture Officer, Department of Agriculture and Farmers’ Empowerment, (Govt. The crop requires little input and is less affected by major pests and diseases and matures in 90–120 days. 4.PROSO MILLET AND ITS HEALTH BENEFITS: Proso Millet (Panicum miliaceum) is able to evade drought by its quick maturity. Proso Millet (Panicum miliaceum) is able to evade drought by its quick maturity. We can also call millets as the next generation of crops. They are rich in fiber which helps in making the stomach full for a long period of time and prevents overeating. Pearl Millet can tolerate drought, low fertility, and high temperature. Phenolic compounds like antioxidants and beta- glucans are present, too. It reduces cholesterol and helps in digestion. BROWNTOP MILLET AND ITS HEALTH BENEFITS: It is gluten-free and rich in essential nutrients. HEALTH BENEFITS: Samai is rich in phyto-chemicals and it has excellent antioxidant properties; Its Dietary fiber protects against hyperglycemia. Plant polyphenols as dietary antioxidants in human health an disease. doi: 10.1007/s13197-011-0584-9; Pandey, K.B., & Rizvi, S.I. subsp. Due to this, it is being targeted as a means to reduce malnutrition globally. According to research, even little millet flakes have a moderate glycemic index of 52.11 (3).This is important information given that foods with a lower glycemic index are very beneficial in the fight against diabetes. Due to the fiber content, it acts as a medicine for lifestyle diseases. Systematics and domestication of Panicum sumatrense (Graminae). Panicum sumatrense, known as little millet, is a species of millet in the family Poaceae. Carotenoids are important in human nutrition and health. It is suited to harsh environments. Finger Millet grains are highly nutritious and are known to contain the highest amounts of calcium (344 mg / 100g grains), iron, zinc, dietary fiber, and essential amino acids. FOXTAIL MILLET AND ITS HEALTH BENEFITS, Panicle of Foxtail Millet after 73 days, Variety-SiA 3222. Browntop millet is an annual warm-season species that grows 1 to 3 ft tall. Finger millet (Eleusine coracana (L.) Gaertn), little millet (Panicum sumatrense Roth ex Roem. It’s prepared similarly to rice.We must note that it cooks much faster due to its smaller seeds than other millets. Routledge. The crop is popular in this region in terms of cultivation and consumption. In India, it is mainly grown to some extent in Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, and northeastern states of India. (2009). Pearl Millet (Pennisetum glaucum) is the most widely grown millet in the world and in India. If you want to take care of your health, little millet is an option you must regularly have on your kitchen table.Little millet, botanically named Panicum sumatrense has various unofficial names around the world.Yet in all the countries of our planet, one thing is the same. 2011 Jun 15;126(4):1643-7. This millet contains 11.2-grams protein, 10.1-gram crude fiber, 4.4-gram minerals, and 15.3 mg iron in 100-gram grain. Little Millet Kutki / Shavan / Saamai / Sama Kannada Panicum Sumatrense) is a common food in parts of India. 6. Represents weedy progenitor of P. psilopodium grown throughout India to a limited extent up to altitudes of 2100 m, but is of little importance elsewhere. It has a nutritional profile better than rice as it contains rich protein, fiber, thiamine, riboflavin, folic acid, calcium, phosphorus, iron, and beta-carotene. The Kodo Millet (Paspalum scrobiculatum L.) is the origin of tropical and subtropical regions of South America and was domesticated in India 3000 years ago. Panicum virgatum, commonly called switch grass, is a Missouri native ornamental grass which was an important component of the tall grass prairie which once covered large areas of the State. Finger Millet (Eleusine coracana), commonly known as ragi. Little millet, botanically named Panicum sumatrense has various unofficial names around the world. Its carbohydrate complex is slowly digested which is helpful for patients with diabetes. *Panicum sumatrense: Little millet (also known as Saamey in Kannada Samalu in Telugu and Samai in Tamil Nadu) *Pennisetum glaucum: Pearl millet (known as Bajra in Hindi, also known as sajjey in Kannada) *Setaria italica: Foxtail millet, Italian millet, panic (also known as navaney in Kannada) Genus Digitaria: of minor importance as crops. Little Millet ( Kutki, Samai,Sava,Suan), 6. The browntop millet, called Korale in Kannada, is specially grown in rainfed tracts of Tumakuru, Chitradurga, and Chikkaballapura districts of Karnataka state. It can be nearly white, pa;e yellow, brown, grey, slate blue, or purple. It also helps to control heart problems, obesity, and arthritis. Finger millet also is known to have several potential health benefits and some of the health benefits are attributed to its polyphenol contents (Chethan and Malleshi 2007). 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